An influential panel from U.S Government suggested that screening every U.S adults for depression should be mandatory. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has unveiled these ubiquitous recommendations for every U.S citizen. This panel requested doctors to follow up their patients with depressive medical history. Panel revealed that patients who never seek medical help and remain undiagnosed would be benefited from this new approach .The recommendations are taken earnestly by the federal government and they are revising the previous guideline which was last updated in 2009.
Previous Studies in mental health say that depressive disorder is one of the crucial reasons of disability among the U.S adults .Also the cost of mental health check up is sky high in every high income countries. For example, U.S spends $23 billion in treating depression in 2009.
The lastly updated report of 2009 recommended providers to screen for depression selectively .Only those who have adequate support were allowed for the screening. The new report from the task force didn’t urge to cover children and teenagers in the screening. The panel graded the new recommendations as a B, in a rating level of A to D. Under the affordable care, this rating would cover the cost of depression screening.
The new recommendations were published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Patients with depression usually get referred for having mental issues which prolongs their treatment. This panel of Experts suggested that providing the depressive patients their care at same location from where they seek physical care would be helpful. Dr. Michael E. Thase, professor of psychiatry at University of Pennsylvania‘s Perelman School of Medicine suggested providing care by the regular specialist practices. Doctor Klinkman from University of Michigan further elaborated the issue. He mentioned of a 2008 study that showed patients who were treated in primary with a moderate level of support found it hard in the next level. The most difficult challenge was to find a specialist to whom primary doctors would refer patients.
The panel showed survey results of antidepressant drugs and psychotherapy .According to the results, these options can provide effective results for the average adults with depression. Different studies also stated that CBT is effective among pregnant and postpartum women. American Academy of Pediatrics and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommended depression screening for pregnant or postpartum women. The American Academy of Family Physicians also encouraged screening for all adults.